The main difference between a career civil servant and a public employee is found in the legal regulation of the job. While the former are governed by administrative law, the latter are subject to the Workers’ Statute.
Every official is a public employee, but not the other way around. This is the case of permanent work personnel, to which, for example, the Post Office staff belongs. But the legislation is not the only point that differentiates them and other points appear, such as job security.
When accessing a public job, it is important to prepare for public examinations. Get a good agenda and even choose to join an academy or coach if you want a more individualized training.
Is a career official the same as a public employee?
No. And here are some of the points that make them different. Among them, salary, three-year terms, incentives, social benefits or job stability. The security that gives a job forever.
In Spain, there are four types of public officials, each of them has its own particular and specific characteristics depending on the job position.
Labor personnel and career civil servants have differences regarding the coverage of job vacancies in public administrations. To begin with, the permanent workforce cannot add more than three years with a temporary contract. And to access that position, you must pass an opposition, unless you enter through a job bank.
Regarding the career civil servant, he may be called to cover interim positions after approving an opposition, but not having enough grade to get a fixed place. There is no limit of substitutions to cover, as in the case of labor personnel.
Salary of civil servants and labor personnel
Another difference between public employees is in remuneration, monthly salary (payroll) and extra payments, as well as trienniums and other economic advantages accumulated over time.
The amount to be charged for both officials and staff can be:
Fixed: here you would enter the payroll, the monthly amount that the employee receives per month. In addition to the extra payments and the three-year periods. In this sense, the extraordinary bonuses do not reach the civil servants and the permanent workforce at the same time.
Complementary: Destination complement and specific complement. This name refers to an extra money that the official receives depending on the special characteristics of his job. Many public administrations have the ability to pay for productivity.
Indefinite contract, job stability
One of the reasons why students prepare for competitive examinations is to achieve job stability or a permanent contract that entitles them to collect a retirement pension at the time of retirement.
In this sense, it must always be emphasized that a career civil servant who has a fixed position, will keep that job until he turns 65 and the moment of retirement arrives. The dismissal of an official is very complicated. You would have to break the law or cheat at your job in a very blatant way to get fired. The Law protects him from the moment he gets public employment.
The workforce, even if it is permanent, is not guaranteed continuity for life in their employment. Here, there is no law that shields them. On the contrary, if the public company in which they work were to make a collective dismissal, an ERE or any other measure of labor control, no matter how much public employee it may be, the worker will go to unemployment.
Advantages of getting public employment
Working in the public administration has innumerable advantages. Among them, those that lead more people to prepare an opposition both to work as permanent staff and to be a career civil servant are family conciliation, a good salary that will increase over time, the possibility of promoting …
But also having a fixed schedule, in many cases perfectly compatible with childcare, well-paid overtime, and labor rights with good Social Security contributions that will later be used to calculate the retirement pension.